Keep it simple! Ask 5 smart questions!

Your project implementation monitoring and evaluation by periodically asking smart questions to all actors covering the following topics.


Knowledge is the first step to adopt a new practice or service. It refers to facts or information acquired by a person through experience and/or education, theoretical or practical which allows understanding of a topic (practice or service). To achieve a change in knowledge, the person must have awareness of this topic.


Skill is the nature of behaviour, actions and mannerisms of a person, as a result of a unique environment, event and/or activity.


We identify “attitude” as the perception that someone has on something (practice, service...). It can be positive or negative. In the case of a practice, the attitude toward it can evolve because of better understanding of this practice (knowledge) and/or a better capacity to do it (skills). For example, if a practice is perceived as labor intensive, it could slow down the adoption process, and requires previous changes (in knowledge and skills) to change the attitude.


Practice is the last and main desirable change. It generally occurs because of previous changes in knowledge, skills and/or attitude toward a practice or service.


Keep it simple! Ask 5 smart questions!

Simple sets of five questions form the basis of the methodology. All sets of questions will explore changes in the same categories of interest, knowledge, attitude, skills, practice etc.), but the specific questions will vary based on the type of stakeholder, the stage of the project and the objective of the project (project design, implementation, etc.). Feedback from farmers is collected using various tools, such as voice mail, sms, and technician base technologies using tablets. The questions are designed in a simple manner so as to avoid exclusion of individuals based on education level. Donors and implementers will also be asked sets of five questions, including if and how they used feedback information from farmers, using additional methods such as e-mail surveys. Key to institutionalizing effective multi-level feedback systems is making the results publicly available for all stakeholders. Therefore, a web platform will be used to visualize comparison of perceptions of different users from the cycles of questions. Information derived from the questionnaires will be analyzed frequently against the baseline and previously collected data from the five questions. Using this information in a dashboard/platform allows for quick and easy visualization of changes within socially differentiated groups, including gender disaggregated findings.

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Funded by: IFAD Project Implementation: CIAT

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